What is Tuberculosis? , Causes , symptoms, prevention and more information about TB.
What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is commonly known as TB. Which is spread due to a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which often affects the lungs of humans. TB is a curable and preventable disease. TB spreads from one person to another through air.
When a person suffering from TB coughs, sneezes or spits, they spread TB germs into the air. And a person can get infected just by breathing in this germ-laden air.
causes of TB :
Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria cause TB. It also spreads through the air, when a person with TB (whose lungs are affected) coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks, the bacteria spread into the air and infect other people. Are. TB or tuberculosis is an infectious disease, but it is not easy to recognize.
It is much easier to get TB from someone you live with or work with than from a stranger. People who have active TB and have received appropriate treatment for at least 2 weeks are not contagious.
symptoms of TB :
- Although your body can harbor the bacteria that causes tuberculosis, latent TB does not have any visible symptoms so here we have explained the symptoms of active TB which are as follows
- a cough that lasts more than three weeks
- coughing up blood
- chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing
- sudden weight loss
- night sweats
- feeling cold
- loss of appetite
- If TB infects the bones it can cause bone pain and joint pain.
- TB in the brain can cause meningitis
- TB in the liver and kidneys can impair their waste-filtering functions and cause blood in the urine.
- TB in the heart can impair the heart’s ability to pump blood, resulting in a condition called cardiac tamponade which can be fatal.
TB prevention :
- Take all your medicines unless your doctor tells you not to.
- Keep all appointments with the doctor.
- Always cover your mouth with a handkerchief or use a mask when you cough or sneeze. Seal the mask in a plastic bag after use, then throw it away.
- Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- Do not visit other people or invite them to see you.
- Stay away from work, school, or other public places.
- Use fans or open windows to get fresh air.
- Don’t use public transportation.
- If you have TB, stay away from people who have TB or tuberculosis to avoid exposure to TB bacteria.
What to eat and what not to eat in TB ?
If you are suffering from TB then you need to take special care of your food.
Do not consume foods that cause allergies.
Make sure that you are eating foods rich in B-vitamins as well as iron.
Be sure to include plenty of antioxidant-rich foods in your diet (like fruits, vegetables, and green tea are all great sources).
Eat high-quality proteins such as lean beef and wild salmon
Eliminate sources of trans-fatty acids from your diet, such as fast food and processed foods.
Avoid refined foods like white bread, white rice, pasta and refined sugar.
Avoid coffee, alcohol and tobacco products.
Keep caffeine intake low and choose high-quality organic caffeine sources.
Include lots of probiotic-rich foods in your diet and/or take a probiotic supplement daily.
What happens if you have TB?
TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, kidneys, or spine. If not treated, a person suffering from TB may die.
What are the types of tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis infection can vary depending on the bacterial load in your body and the symptoms you may experience accordingly. There are two types of tuberculosis:-
- Active TB
- Latent TB