What is anemia, know its symptoms, causes,
Red blood cells are disc-shaped blood cells that carry oxygen to the organs and tissues of your body. Anemia occurs when the number of healthy red blood cells in your body becomes too low.
Every part of your body needs an adequate supply of oxygen to function effectively. Many symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue and shortness of breath, are caused by reduced oxygen delivery to your body’s vital organs and tissues.
It was estimated that anemia would affect more than 1.94 billion people worldwide in the year 2022. Women and people with chronic diseases such as cancer have a higher risk of developing anemia.
There are many different types and causes of anemia. Some types of anemia are mild and can be easily treated, while others can cause serious health complications.
Anemia Symptoms :
Fatigue and weakness: Anemia patients often feel tired and weak. They get tired even while doing normal tasks.
Palpitations or increased heartbeat: Due to difficulty in delivering the necessary oxygen throughout the body, the heartbeat can become faster, which can lead to the problem of palpitations.
Difficulty in breathing: Anemia patient may feel difficulty in breathing while doing even the slightest physical activity.
Dizziness: Due to low hemoglobin, there is difficulty in delivering necessary oxygen to the body, due to which the patient may feel dizzy again and again.
Hair fall: Anemia causes deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood, due to which hair fall can become common.
Mental stress and irritability: Anemia patients often have problems with mental stress and irritability.
Anemia Causes :
Anemia can have many causes, some of which are as follows:
Decreased blood quality: This is a common cause in which the body is not able to make the normal number of blood cells. There can be various reasons behind this, such as nutritional deficiency, vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency, or other nutritional problems.
Destruction of blood cells: This can be caused by ongoing destruction of blood cells in your body, such as when healthy blood is removed from the body due to injury, kidney or liver failure, or cancer treatment.
Lack of hemoglobin in your body: This is a type of anemia in which there is a lack of hemoglobin in your body, which helps in delivering oxygen to the blood cells of your body.
Blood loss: If your body loses too much blood, such as from a large wound or heavy menstrual bleeding, you can also develop anemia.
Genetic causes: Some people have a higher risk of having anemia because it also runs in their family.
The causes of anemia depend on the individual’s condition, nutrition, lifestyle, and his or her particular health conditions.
Special things about anemia:
1- There are mainly three types of anemia, but the most common is iron deficiency anemia. According to statistics, this anemia occurs in about 90 percent of people.
2- Some people eat a lot of ice cubes. If so, then it could be a symptom of anemia.
3- According to a report, anemia also has a special quality. Anemia is mainly caused by iron deficiency and when iron decreases in the body, there is no risk of infection.
How many types of anemia are there?
Depending on the causative factor, anemia is classified into the following groups:
Aplastic anemia: This occurs when your body cannot produce enough red blood cells (RBCs).
Iron deficiency anemia: This anemia occurs due to the presence of insufficient iron in the body. Its main causes are low iron intake in the diet, excessive bleeding, or increased iron loss.
Sickle cell anemia: This is a genetic anemia and can be passed from parents to children. In this the red blood cells lose their structure and ability to carry oxygen.
Thalassemia – This is also a hereditary condition in which the level of hemoglobin in the blood is low.